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Tips:The Profile of the Country● The relationship between China and SingaporeFirst A Review of Bilateral Political Relations
 The Profile of the Country

 

The relationship between China and Singapore

First A Review of Bilateral Political Relationship

 

The two countries established diplomatic relationship on October 3, 1990. The high level official visits have been a lot, since the the diplomatic relationship established.  President Yang Shangkun (1993), President Jiang Zemin(1994), Li Ruihuan, chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (1995), Premier Li Peng (1997), Premier Zhu Rongji (1999), Vice President Hu Jintao (2002), Li Lanqing Vice-Premier (2002 years), Wu Bangguo chairman of National People’s Congress (2005), Premier Wen Jiabao of (2007)have successively visited Singapore. President Wee Kim Wee (1991), Premier Lee Kuan Yew (1990), Premier Goh Chok Tong (1993,1994,1995,1997,2000, 2003), President Ong Teng Cheong (1995), President Nathan (2001), Premier Lee Hsien Loong (1995,2000,2005,2006)have visited China. After he was named as Minister Mentor in 1991,Lee Kuan Yew has been to China more than 20 times to visit or attend meetings. In August 2008, Lee Kuan Yew went to China to attend the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games, President Nathan went to China to watch the Olympic Games. In September Vice-Premier Wang Qishan and Wong Kan Seng,  co-hosted the 5th Meeting of China-Singapore Joint Council for Bilateral Cooperation, the 10th Suzhou Industrial Park China-Singapore Joint Steering Council Meeting and the first meeting China-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city Joint Steering Council Meeting. Senior minister Goh Chok Tong, went to Tianjin to attend the second session of the "Summer Davos”. In October, Premier Lee Hsien Loong attended the seventh Asia-Europe Summit and paid a visit to China. Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew visited China. In January 2009, the vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Zhou Tienong visited Singapore. In March, Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong visited Guangdong. In April State Councillor Liu Yandong visited Singapore. In May Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew and vice-premier Wong Kan Seng went to China to attend the 15th anniversary celebrations of the development and construction of the Suzhou Industrial Park and paid a visit to Zhejiang. In June, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong visited Zhejiang and Shanghai. In August, Foreign Minister George Yeo visited China, Vice Premier Wang Qishan visited Singapore and presided over the China-Singapore bilateral meeting. In September, Minister Mentor Goh Chok Tong visited China and attend the 2009 Summer Davos Forum. In November, President Hu Jintao paid a state visit to Singapore to attend the 17th APEC Leaders' Informal Meeting. In April 2010, Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong went to China to attended the Boao Forum for Asia. Li Yuanchao member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee visited Singapore. Vice-Premier and Defense Minister Teo Chee Hean visited China. Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew visited China in May. Since 1995, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the two countries has established a consultation mechanism and so far it has held five consultations. Besides the two countries set embassy each other, Singapore also sets Consulate Generals in Shanghai, Xiamen, Guangzhou and Hong Kong. And set consulate in Chengdu.

The Bilateral Trade

The bilateral trade between China and Singapore developed rapidly in recent years and Singapore has maintained the first position among ASEAN countries in their trade with China.

In 1998, volume of trade was US$8.154 billion in 1998. In 1999, the trade value has increased to US$ 8.56 billion. In 2000, the amount increased to US$10.821 billion. In 2009, the total trade volume was SGD 75.1 billion (USD 58.4 Billion).

Singapore is China's 9th largest trading partner. While China is Singapore's 3rd largest trading partner which consisted of 10.1 percent of Singapore's total external trade from the previous year.

China's export to Singapore were textiles, clothing, agriculture produce, petrochemical, metals, electromechanical equipment, feed, shipping, communication equipment and electronic components.

Companies such as Capitaland and Breadtalk have made substantial inroads into China's domestic economy. Others such as Temasek Holdings, Singapore Airlines have each invested in China Eastern Airlines.

 

Introduction :

Background:

 

Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Singapore is a sunny, tropical island in South-east Asia, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. The city-state is 710 square kilometres and inhabited by five million people from four major communities; Chinese (majority), Malay, Indian and Eurasian. Since its independence in 9 August 1965, the country has adopted a parliamentary democracy system.  Currently, the government and the cabinet are led by Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong while President Tony Tan Keng Yam is the Head of State.

Ideally positioned in South-east Asia, where the rest of the region is just a hop, skip and jump away, Singapore is a thriving metropolis offering a world-class infrastructure, a fully integrated island-wide transportation network, dynamic business environment, vibrant living spaces and a rich culture largely influenced by the four major communities in Singapore with each offering different perspective of life in Singapore in terms of culture, religion, food, language and history.

[ important festivals]: Chinese New Year holiday = Chinese Spring festival. Eid: October of the Islamic calendar when new moon will appear. Tamil New Year: Apil, May. Vesak day: the day of the full moon in May. National Day: August 9th. Christmas: December 25th. Singapore statutory public holidays are 11 days in all. In addition to the above, there are new year's day, Easter, Hari Raya, labor day and so on.

Geography ::SINGAPORE

Location:

 

Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates:

 

1 22 N, 103 48 E

Map references:

 

Southeast Asia

Area:

 

total: 697 sq km

country comparison to the world: 192

land: 687 sq km

water: 10 sq km

Area - comparative:

 

slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

 

0 km

Coastline:

 

193 km

Maritime claims:

 

territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice

Climate:

 

tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms

Terrain:

 

lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Elevation extremes:

 

lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m

highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

Natural resources:

 

fish, deepwater ports

Land use:

 

arable land: 1.47%

permanent crops: 1.47%

other: 97.06% (2005)

Irrigated land:

 

NA

Total renewable water resources:

 

0.6 cu km (1975)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

 

total: 0.19 cu km/yr (45%/51%/4%)

per capita: 44 cu m/yr (1975)

Natural hazards:

 

NA

Environment - current issues:

 

industrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Environment - international agreements:

 

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

 

focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

People and Society :

Nationality:

 

noun: Singaporean(s)

adjective: Singapore

Ethnic groups:

 

Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)

Languages:

 

Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)

Religions:

 

Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)

Population:

 

5,353,494 (July 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 114

Urbanization:

 

urban population: 100% of total population (2010)

rate of urbanization: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Education expenditures:

 

3% of GDP (2009)

country comparison to the world: 131

Literacy:

 

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 92.5%

male: 96.6%

female: 88.6% (2000 census)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

 

total: 12.9%

country comparison to the world: 87

male: 9.9%

female: 16.6% (2009)

Government ::SINGAPORE

Country name:

 

conventional long form: Republic of Singapore

conventional short form: Singapore

local long form: Republic of Singapore

local short form: Singapore

Government type:

 

parliamentary republic

Capital:

 

name: Singapore

geographic coordinates: 1 17 N, 103 51 E

time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

 

none

Independence:

 

9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)

National holiday:

 

National Day, 9 August (1965)

Constitution:

 

3 June 1959; amended 1965 (based on pre-independence State of Singapore constitution)

Legal system:

 

English common law

International law organization participation:

 

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt

Suffrage:

 

21 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch:

 

chief of state: President Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)

head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM (since 21 May 2011)

cabinet: appointed by president, responsible to parliament

(For more information visit the World Leaders website )

elections: president elected by popular vote for six-year term; election last held on 27 August 2011 (next to be held by August 2017); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president

election results: Tony TAN Keng Yam elected president from a field of four candidates with 35.2% of the votes cast

Legislative branch:

 

unicameral Parliament (87 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members; up to three losing opposition candidates who came closest to winning seats may be appointed as Nominated Members of Parliament (NMP)

elections: last held on 7 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2016)

election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 60.1%, WP 12.8%, NSP 12.1%, others 15%; seats by party - PAP 81, WP 6

Judicial branch:

 

Supreme Court consists of High Court and Court of Appeals; Specialist Commercial Courts consist of Admiralty Court, Intellectual Property Court, and Abritation Court

note: (chief justice, judges of appeal, and judicial commissioners are appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister)

Political parties and leaders:

 

National Solidarity Party or NSP [Hazel POA]; People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]; Reform Party [Kenneth JEYARETNAM]; Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA [Desmond LIM]; Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]; Workers' Party or WP [LOW Thia Khiang]

note: SDA includes Singapore Justice Party or SJP and Singapore National Malay Organization or PKMS

Political pressure groups and leaders:

 

none

International organization participation:

 

ADB, AOSIS, APEC, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, FATF, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIT, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Flag description:

 

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle; red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the waxing crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality

National symbol(s):

 

Lion

Economy :

Economy - overview:

 

Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 8.6% between 2004 and 2007. The economy contracted 1.0% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded 14.8% in 2010 and 4.9% in 2011, on the strength of renewed exports. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to a compound annual growth rate of just 1.8% in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

 

$314.9 billion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 40

$300.2 billion (2010 est.)

$261.6 billion (2009 est.)

note: data are in 2011 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate):

 

$255.7 billion (2011 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:

 

4.9% (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 73

14.8% (2010 est.)

-1% (2009 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):

 

$59,700 (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

$57,900 (2010 est.)

$51,500 (2009 est.)

note: data are in 2011 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector:

 

agriculture: 0%

industry: 26.6%

services: 73.4% (2011 est.)

Labor force:

 

3.237 million

country comparison to the world: 101

note: excludes non-residents (2011 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

 

agriculture: 0.1%

industry: 19.6%

services: 80.3%

note: excludes non-residents (2011)

Unemployment rate:

 

2% (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

2.2% (2010 est.)

Population below poverty line:

 

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

 

lowest 10%: 4.4%

highest 10%: 23.2% (2008)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:

 

47.3 (2011)

country comparison to the world: 29

48.1 (2008)

Investment (gross fixed):

 

23.4% of GDP (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Budget:

 

revenues: $40.53 billion

expenditures: $37.18 billion

note: expenditures include both operational and development expenditures (2011 est.)

Taxes and other revenues:

 

15.9% of GDP (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 190

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

 

1.3% of GDP (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 27

Public debt:

 

118.2% of GDP (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

112.4% of GDP (2010 est.)

note: for Singapore, public debt consists largely of Singapore Government Securities (SGS) issued to assist the Central Provident Fund (CPF), which administers Singapore's defined contribution pension fund; special issues of SGS are held by the CPF, and are non-tradable; the government has not borrowed to finance deficit expenditures since the 1980s

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

 

5.2% (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 138

2.8% (2010 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

 

5.38% (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 151

5.38% (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of narrow money:

 

$99.27 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 33

$87.35 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of broad money:

 

$340.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

$313.1 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of domestic credit:

 

$235.2 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

$202.2 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:

 

$569.4 billion (31 December 2011)

country comparison to the world: 20

$620.5 billion (31 December 2010)

$474.3 billion (31 December 2009)

Agriculture - products:

 

orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish

Industries:

 

electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade

Industrial production growth rate:

 

7.8% (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 30

Current account balance:

 

$50.16 billion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11

$49.56 billion (2010 est.)

Exports:

 

$414.8 billion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 14

$358.5 billion (2010 est.)

Exports - commodities:

 

machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products

Exports - partners:

 

Malaysia 12.2%, Hong Kong 11%, China 10.4%, Indonesia 10.4%, US 5.4%, Japan 4.5% (2011 est.)

Imports:

 

$366.3 billion

country comparison to the world: 14

$311.7 billion (2010 est.)

Imports - commodities:

 

machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports - partners:

 

Malaysia 10.7%, US 10.7%, China 10.4%, Japan 7.2%, South Korea 5.9%, Taiwan 5.9% (2011 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

 

$237.9 billion (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

$225.7 billion (2010 est.)

Debt - external:

 

$23.62 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 75

$21.82 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:

 

$497 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 15

$461.4 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

 

$335.9 billion (31 December 2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17

$317.9 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Exchange rates:

 

Singapore dollars (SGD) per US dollar -

1.2578 (2011 est.)

1.3635 (2010 est.)

1.4545 (2009)

1.415 (2008)

1.507 (2007)

Fiscal year:

 

1 April - 31 March

Energy :

Electricity - production:

 

45.37 billion kWh (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Electricity - consumption:

 

41.2 billion kWh (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Electricity - exports:

 

0 kWh (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 130

Electricity - imports:

 

0 kWh (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

Electricity - installed generating capacity:

 

10.47 million kW (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Electricity - from fossil fuels:

 

99.8% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 49

Electricity - from nuclear fuels:

 

0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 177

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:

 

0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 199

Electricity - from other renewable sources:

 

0.2% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

Crude oil - production:

 

0 bbl/day (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 188

Crude oil - exports:

 

900 bbl/day (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 63

Crude oil - imports:

 

883,500 bbl/day (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 14

Crude oil - proved reserves:

 

0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 187

Refined petroleum products - production:

 

1.116 million bbl/day (2008 est.)

country comparison to the world: 21

Refined petroleum products - consumption:

 

1.183 million bbl/day (2011 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

Refined petroleum products - exports:

 

1.58 million bbl/day (2008 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6

Refined petroleum products - imports:

 

1.489 million bbl/day (2008 est.)

country comparison to the world: 4

Natural gas - production:

 

0 cu m (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 190

Natural gas - consumption:

 

8.4 billion cu m (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Natural gas - exports:

 

0 cu m (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

Natural gas - imports:

 

8.4 billion cu m (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

Natural gas - proved reserves:

 

0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 194

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

 

172.2 million Mt (2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

Communications :

Telephones - main lines in use:

 

2.017 million (2011)

country comparison to the world: 58

Telephones - mobile cellular:

 

7.755 million (2011)

country comparison to the world: 91

Telephone system:

 

general assessment: excellent service

domestic: excellent domestic facilities; launched 3G wireless service in February 2005; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity more than 180 telephones per 100 persons; multiple providers of high-speed Internet connectivity and the government is close to completing an island-wide roll out of a high-speed fiber-optic broadband network

international: country code - 65; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 4; supplemented by VSAT coverage

Broadcast media:

English newspaper: "the Straits Times", "Business Times", "the New Paper"; Chinese newspaper "Lianhe Zaobao", "Lianhe Wanbao", "Shin Min Daily News"; Malay newspaper "Daily News"; TamilMan: "Tamil Daily".

state controls broadcast media; 7 domestic TV stations operated by MediaCorp which is wholly owned by a state investment company; broadcasts from Malaysian and Indonesian stations available; satellite dishes banned; multi-channel cable TV service available; a total of 18 domestic radio stations broadcasting with MediaCorp operating more than a dozen and another 4 stations are closely linked to the ruling party or controlled by the Singapore Armed Forces Reservists Association; many Malaysian and Indonesian radio stations are available (2008)

Internet country code:

 

.sg

Internet hosts:

 

1.96 million (2012)

country comparison to the world: 39

Internet users:

 

3.235 million (2009)

country comparison to the world: 65

 

Transportation :

Airports:

 

9 (2012)

country comparison to the world: 159

Airports - with paved runways:

 

total: 9

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2012)

Pipelines:

 

gas 111 km (2010)

Roadways:

 

total: 3,356 km

country comparison to the world: 163

paved: 3,356 km (includes 161 km of expressways) (2009)

Merchant marine:

 

total: 1,599

country comparison to the world: 6

by type: bulk carrier 247, cargo 109, carrier 6, chemical tanker 256, container 339, liquefied gas 131, petroleum tanker 436, refrigerated cargo 13, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 57

foreign-owned: 966 (Australia 12, Bangladesh 1, Belgium 1, Bermuda 25, Brazil 9, Chile 6, China 29, Cyprus 6, Denmark 149, France 3, Germany 32, Greece 22, Hong Kong 46, India 21, Indonesia 60, Italy 5, Japan 164, Malaysia 27, Netherlands 1, Norway 153, Russia 2, South Africa 13, South Korea 3, Sweden 11, Switzerland 3, Taiwan 77, Thailand 33, UAE 10, UK 6, US 36)

registered in other countries: 344 (Australia 2, Bahamas 7, Bangladesh 7, Belize 4, Cambodia 3, Cyprus 1, France 3, Honduras 11, Hong Kong 13, Indonesia 46, Italy 1, Kiribati 9, Liberia 22, Malaysia 13, Maldives 4, Malta 4, Marshall Islands 30, Mongolia 3, North Korea 1, Panama 92, Philippines 1, Saint Kitts and Nevis 10, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Sierra Leone 9, Thailand 1, Tuvalu 19, US 16, Vanuatu 2, unknown 5) (2010)

Ports and terminals:

 

Singapore

 

Military :

Military branches:

 

Singapore Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense) (2010)

Military service age and obligation:

 

18-21 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) or age 50 (officers) (2008)

Manpower available for military service:

 

males age 16-49: 1,255,902 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:

 

males age 16-49: 1,018,839

females age 16-49: 1,087,134 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:

 

male: 27,098

female: 25,368 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:

 

4.9% of GDP (2005 est.)

country comparison to the world: 17
 


Keyword: Singapore Profiles

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